Senin, 03 September 2012

9 Mysterius Place in The World

1. Mount Roraima Venezuela, Brazil and Guyana
Mount Roraima is a very remarkable. It is a mountain with a unique surface 400 meter high cliffs on all sides. There is only one way 'easy' to get, there is a ladder on the side of the road Venezuela - to ride the other way requires an experienced rock climber. On top of the mountain it rained almost every day, washing away most of the nutrients for plants to grow and creating a unique landscape on the bare sand surface. It also creates some of the highest waterfalls in the world over the sides (Angel Falls in the same table mountain some 130 miles away). Although there are only a few marshes on the mountain where vegetation can grow properly, these contain many species unique to the mountain, including the species of carnivorous pitcher plant.
2. United States Meteor
Meteor Crater is a meteorite crater located approximately 43 miles (69 km) east of Flagstaff, near Winslow in the northern Arizona desert USA. The crater formed about 50,000 years ago during the Pleistocene when the local climate on the Colorado Plateau cold a lot and silencer. At that time, the area was an open grassland dotted with forests inhabited by mammoths, giant ground sloths, and camels. It was probably not inhabited by humans; records confirmed early human settlements in the United States date from long after this impact. The object that excavated the crater was a nickel-iron meteorite about 50 meters (54 feet) across, which impacted ordinary with speed several kilometers per second.

3.The Great Dune Pyla France
Since Europe has no deserts, you'd think the title "Europe's largest sand dune" would go to something that is not impressive. But you will salah.Great Pyla Dune stretched panjangny 3km, 100m wide and 500m high, and for this reason I will probably never understand, seems to have been formed in the forest. The dunes are very steep on the side facing the forest and is famous as the site of paragliding. At the top also gives views of the sea and over the woods (because the mound was much higher than the surrounding trees).

4. Republic of Yemen Socotra
Socotra has been described as one of the most alien-looking on Earth, and it's not hard to see why. It is very secluded with climate, rough dry and as a result a third of its plant-life found nowhere else, including the Dragon's Blood Tree, the famous umbrella-shaped very natural looking tree that produces red sap. There are also a large number of birds, spiders and other animals native island, and coral reefs in the vicinity which also has a large number of endemic (ie only found there) species. Socotra is considered the most biodiversity in the Arabian sea, and is a World Heritage Site.

5. 83-42 Greenland
This is more than a curiosity and not visually impressive, but 83-42 is believed to be a permanent point of land north of the earth. The place is tiny, only 35m by 15m and 4m high, but about 400 miles from the North Pole. This beats the previous record holder, ATOW1996, when it was discovered in 1998, and lichens are found growing on it, suggesting not only one of the temporary gravel bars that are found in the area, which are regularly pushed around by rough seas. The picture above features what is the most northerly point on the ground, one of the temporary gravel bars, photographed in 2007, because I could not find a picture of 83-42 (For some reason, no one felt the need to produce a small stone middle of nowhere, which only five people have ever set foot in).

6. Rotorua New Zealand
Rotorua is a city on the southern bank of the lake of the same name, in the Bay of Many North Island region of New Zealand. The city is known for its geothermal, with a number of geysers, notably Pohutu Geyser at Whakarewarewa, and boiling mud pools (pictured above) which is located in the city. This thermal activity owes itself to the Rotorua caldera located city. Rotorua is also a top adventure destination and the heart of New Zealand's Maori culture. Rotorua city famous for its unique aroma "rotten egg", which is caused by the geothermal activity releasing sulfur compounds into the atmosphere. If you are ever visiting New Zealand - this is a city you must see. It was once home to the Pink and White Terraces were famous and you can visit thermal wonderlands with sights that is truly amazing.

7. Don Juan Pond Antarctica
With salinity of more than 40%, Don Juan Pond tumuh salt water in the world. It is named after the two pilots who first investigated the pond in 1961, Lt Don Roe and Lt John Hickey. It is a small lake, only 300m by 100m, and average 0.1m deep, but very salty even in Antarctica, where the temperature in the pond regularly drops to as low as -30 degrees Celsius, it never freezes. It is 18 times saltier than sea water, compared to the Dead Sea which is only 8 times saltier than sea water.

8. Iceberg B-15 Antarctic
Iceberg B-15 was the largest iceberg ever recorded. It has an area of ​​3100 km ², making it larger than the island of Jamaica, and was created when part of the Ross Ice Shelf in March 2000 stopped. In 2003, it broke, and one of the larger pieces (called B-15a) drifted north, eventually crashing into the glacier in 2005, breaking an 8-km ² section and forcing many maps of Antarctica to be rewritten. It drifted along the coast and eventually ran aground, breaking up once again. In 2006, a storm in Alaska (that's right, Alaska) caused waves that traveled 13,500 km, over 6 days, to Antarctica and broke up the largest remaining part even more. Nearly a decade on, the part of the iceberg is not melting, with the largest remaining part, still called B-15a, has an area of ​​1700 km ². The picture above shows B-15a (top left) in 2005, after drifting west into the glacier Drygalski (below), eventually breaking off into smaller pieces.

9. Guaira Falls Brazil-Paraguay border
Situated on the river Parana Guaira Falls which, in terms of total volume, the largest waterfall on earth. 1.75 million cubic meters of water falls waterfall each second on average, compared to only 70,000 cubic meters per second for Niagra Falls. However, the fall was flooded in 1982 when the dam was made to take advantage of the large flow rate. Dam Itaipu hydroelectric dam now the second most powerful in the world, after the Three Gorges Dam. Itaipu Dam supplies 90% of the power consumed by Paraguay and 19% of the power consumed by Brazil, including Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo.

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